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History of the health care

That health care, in one way or another, has been around as long as man is self-evident. But if you go back to around 2,500 years ago in Greece, you will find Hippocrates. He is regarded to be the father of medicine. In Sweden not as many memories of health care are preserved prior to the Christian era. The focus on health care came with the monasteries during the 1000's. Here they took care of the sick and elderly who were cared for by nuns and monks. A great time for care was the 1700’s with the Age of Enlightenment and advances in medicine and science. Now, Sweden became a world leader in health care. In the 1800’s came a further uplift of care when vaccination spread and great attention was drawn to people's hygiene. The very first nursing school was established in 1860 in London. Thanks to care elevating throughout history, today we have a great knowledge of health and medicine, and the ability to constantly develop health care.

Nursing assistant

Nursing assistants work in elder care, in home care or nursing homes. Work as a nursing assistant needed no education beyond primary school, formally speaking. If you want to work as a nursing assistant, however, it is an advantage to have completed a healthcare programme at high school. It is also very common that trained Assistant nurse works as a nursing assistant.

Assistant nurse

An assistant nurse usually works in nursing homes or home care services, just as a nursing assistants, but can nevertheless work in a hospital. The nurse is working closest to the patient and is ultimately responsible for the care of the patient. The assistant nurse works together with the nurse and will need the nurse's approval to do things, like giving insulin, take samples, wounds care and so on. Being a nurse is not a protected professional title, but to work as a nurse you need to have passed a nursing program at high school or within adult education.


The nurse is one of those working closest to the patients, making sure they get the best possible care. In order to work as a nurse you have to complete a nurse’s education of three years. As a nurse there are plenty of places you may work in. You may work at a hospital but also in elder care, health centres or as a school nurse. The nurse's responsibility lies in the care for the patient. It is the nurse who makes sure that the patient gets the care that he or she needs. But one should not forget that the nurse must also be responsible for the patient's drug administration.

Radiology Nurse

To work as a radiology nurse, it is not enough to go through a nursing training, but you have to read a three-year program to become a radiology nurse. As a radiology nurse you work independently and do patient surveys and assessments. The radiology nurse must provide a secure impression and be good at explaining how an x-ray examination works. The job market for radiology nurses is great, both in Sweden and internationally. Radiology nurses can work both in general and specialised services, in hospitals or health centres, but also at private clinics.


The midwife is a certified burse, specialised in prenatal care and childbirth. It is also the midwife who takes care of contraception and abortion issues. To be able to practise as a midwife, one must pass a specialist education, which takes 1.5 years to complete and leads to a professional qualification in midwifery. Before you can apply for midwife education, you must have an experience of working as a registered nurse for at least one year.


To work as a doctor you have to have a medical degree. Medical degree takes the longest to complete in Sweden. Undergraduate education at medical school is 5.5 years. Then follows a general duty of about two years to get a general competence as a physician. The most common thing is that a general physician chooses to pursue a specialist service in five years' time. This is something that all physicians who not only wish to work as a general practitioner have to do. After this duty, the doctor may refer to himself as emergency physician, surgeon, cardiologist, plastic surgeon, etc.

Physical Therapist/Physiotherapist

The Physical Therapist (nowadays the Physiotherapist) works with assessment and prevention of health issues. As a physiotherapist you evaluate the patient's injury and independently investigate the disease. The physiotherapist puts great emphasis on health, lifestyle and behavioural changes. It is common for the physiotherapist to work in big companies, local government or county councils. But the labour market is bigger than that, as the physiotherapist can also choose to become self-employed and offer massage or lectures in addition to the usual medical practice.

Healthcare equipment

As a professional within the health care sector you need to have tools or other equipment in order to perform your job. Examples of what equipment the different professions need, you may find here
Nurses have a nurse watch, also known as medical watch. In addition, they use a stethoscope. The stethoscope may vary in colour or appear as a neutrally coloured stethoscope. You use a stethoscope to listen to the patient's lungs and heart. You can buy both cheap and expensive stethoscopes, but it really doesn't matter which one you buy as all stethoscopes have a fairly simple structure. When it comes to the nurse’s clothing, then there are pen pockets. The pen pocket serves as protection against the pens so they don't leak ink on your clothes. Pen pockets may, just like the nurse watch and usually stethoscopes, be found in a cool colour to match the nurse's personality. In addition to this, the nurse may wear an ID-card holder and possibly also a blood pressure cuff. These, just like the nurse watches, usually come in a matching colour. Nowadays, it has become common for nurses to wear compression stockings at work. These stockings are usually coloured, maybe even striped. Compression stockings serve as a protection against swollen legs if you walk a lot during the day. Compression stockings are usually made of cotton but they may also be made of nylon. A doctor uses almost the same things as a nurse. The doctor also has a watch, known as a nurse watch. And just as the nurse, the doctor has a stethoscope, pen pocket, ID card holder, and blood pressure cuff. It's not just doctors and nurses who use this equipment. Assistant nurses, midwives, radiology nurses, personal assistants, physiotherapists, etc. can also use some of these items. It is up to you to choose the health care equipment that you like.

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